Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery uses the skills and strength of robotics in order to enhance surgeons’ abilities. The robot can be used to augment traditional surgical instruments like scalpels or scissors.
This article will explain Mako Robotic Arm Assisted Surgery, its history, how it can be used and when it should be used. It also explains who can and cannot use it.
What is Mako Robotic Arm Assisted Surgery?
Mako Robotic Arm Assisted Surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes a robot arm to aid in the surgery. The Mako robotic arm attaches to a patient’s side cart. This allows the surgeon to make use of the robot’s 3D vision and dexterity for the surgery. The robotic arm allows surgeons to perform procedures with greater precision and range of motion.
Robotic Arm: The History
Since 1985, when the first robot was developed for neurosurgery, surgeons have used robots in surgery. Robots have been used in many surgeries since then, including cardiac, orthopedic, and gynecologic. Dr. Carl Hazelrigg created the first robotic-arm system to perform total knee replacement surgery in 2000. Dr. Craig Della Valle developed the Mako surgical robot in 2001. It was first used in hip replacement surgery in 2002.
It can be used when and why?
It is used most often for joint replacement surgeries such as knee and hip replacements. You can also use it for other types, such as:
Spine surgery includes spinal surgeries for conditions like scoliosis and kyphosis.
ENT surgery includes surgeries that affect the head and neck such as sinus surgery and open and endoscopic skull base.
Urology – This includes procedures on the genitourinary systems of males as well as females, such bladder and urethra surgeries.
Gynecology is a combination of surgery to the women’s reproductive system, and pelvic surgery.
General surgery – This refers to surgeries that affect the entire abdominal cavity.
It is important to know why it should be used.
Robotic arm assistance is recommended for surgery because of many reasons.
Increased dexterity – The surgical robot is more precise than traditional instruments. This allows surgeons to perform surgery with greater precision.
3D Vision – The robot arm can move in three dimensions. This gives the surgeon a 360-degree overview of the surgical site, allowing them to make more precise movements.
Ability to perform tasks under extreme conditions – The robot can handle temperatures up to 200°F and other conditions that could cause damage to or break traditional surgical instruments.
Increased range of motion – The surgical robotic has a wider range of motion than traditional instruments. This allows surgeons to access difficult or inaccessible areas during surgery.
Reduced Injury Risk to Surgeon – A surgeon robot lowers the chance of injury to him.
Patients are at lower risk of injury due to the surgical robot.
Who can use it?
Mako Robotic Arm is used by many surgeons in different specialties such as orthopedic surgeons like Integrated Orthopedics and cardiac surgery. It can be used in any type of surgery that requires precision and increased dexterity.
Robotic-arm surgeons are more likely to be able to use the robot’s full capabilities. Robotic surgery is not something that surgeons need to have any prior experience. However, they can use the robot in minutes.
This assisted surgery can increase patient satisfaction, improve surgical outcomes, reduce costs, and be more cost-effective. The surgeon can perform more effective surgery because of the increased dexterity than traditional instruments.
Robotic arm precision allows for precise measurements of bone structures and the placement of implants. This results in better surgical outcomes. Robotic arm assistance reduces injury risk for both surgeon and patient by giving surgeons complete control over movements that could be dangerous or difficult without robotic assistance.
People who should not have this procedure done
Pacemakers for those with heart disease.
Patients with implanted insulin pumps or defibrillators should not be allowed to use them unless their doctor approves.
People who think or are pregnant.
Patients with active infections in the area being treated by the surgical robotic should wait until the infection has resolved before undergoing surgery.
It is important that anyone who lacks sensation or control in the area that will be treated with robotics during surgery not have it done until their condition has improved.
Anyone who has a blood clotting problem.
Patients with heart conditions such as congestive or irreversible heart disease, slow or irregular heartbeats, and high blood pressure shouldn’t have surgery unless their doctor directs them.
Patients with chronic lung conditions such as asthma or emphysema should not have this procedure performed unless their doctor directs.
People who are allergic or sensitive to certain drugs or materials used during surgery.
Smoking must have been stopped within six weeks.
What are some potential complications?
Bleeding- Bleeding can happen during or after any type of surgery. Because of the incisions made during robotic-arm assisted surgery, it can be more difficult to stop bleeding. Although bleeding is an inevitable risk in any type of surgery, it should always be discussed with your doctor.
Infections- This type of surgery is just like all other surgeries. It’s possible to get infected if you don’t use proper sterilization techniques throughout the procedure. It is important to properly diagnose and treat any infection that may occur at the surgical site or within the area of the operation before robotics can be used. Other issues, such as smoking, which can increase the risk of infection and poor wound healing after surgery must be addressed by the doctor.
Organ injury- To use robotics during surgery, incisions must not be made too close to vital organs. A surgeon who makes too many incisions during a procedure can injure an organ nearby. Organ injury can occur with any type of surgery, even Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery. To ensure patient safety, however, the procedure must be monitored closely by a qualified medical professional.
Paralysis- The robot’s arms are equipped with small instruments that can be inserted into the body of the patient to allow for visualisation and movement. Paralysis can occur if the surgeon is not skilled and experienced.
Reactions – Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery surgeons must adhere to strict protocols in order to protect their patients. These protocols are specific to each procedure in order to minimize the chance of an adverse reaction.
Thrombosis/embolic problems- Like all surgeries, there are potential complications associated with it. To avoid these risks, there are some guidelines you should follow when using robotics. These guidelines should still be discussed with your doctor prior to surgery in order for you to make informed decisions about your health and well-being.
Injuries – Robotic-arm assisted surgery can cause injuries if it is not performed by a qualified medical professional who has experience using robotics for various surgical procedures. Before you leave the hospital, your surgeon should fully treat any injury.
Robotic-arm assisted surgery can be performed safely and effectively in many surgical procedures. To make informed decisions about your health and well-being, you should discuss the potential risks with your doctor prior to any robotic-arm assisted surgery. Discuss robotic-arm assisted surgery with your doctor today!